town class cruiser armour

The Town class was a group of twenty-one light cruisers built for the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Australian Navy (RAN). four QF 3 pounder guns Five Southampton class cruisers were built by Great Britain (HMS Southampton , HMS Newcastle , HMS Sheffield , HMS Glasgow and HMS Birmingham ), entering service just prior to the start of the Second World War. The ships of the class saw more service than mentioned above, including action against German merchant ships. Edinburgh, like preceding cruisers, was designed to have armor capable of protecting the ship against 152mm caliber gunfire. [18], A 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was fitted in 1915, while Lowestoft and Birmingham were fitted with director control. Three ships were built to the same design for the new Royal Australian Navy. As was common at the time the guns only had shields to protect them from splinters and so were spaced well apart to reduce the chance of a single hit knocking out several at once. The Weymouth class were ordered under the 1910 Programme and commissioned between 1911-12. Sold for breaking up 8 December 1928 to Alloa, Rosyth. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower (16,000 kW), giving a speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. Overall they were enlarged and improved versions of the Bristol class with a uniform 6-inch gun armament that were mounted in more weather resistant positions. Greece also ordered battleships from Germany and France. She was broken up in 1949. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. [41] That same year, Sydney attacked SMS Emden in an action that lasted over an hour and resulted in the German warship being beached by her captain to avoid his ship sinking. This class has a speedometer and assists the rider up to 28 miles per hour, while class 1 and 2 models both stop assisting the rider at 20 mph. [16], While main armament again consisted of eight 6 in guns in single mountings, a new gun, the BL 6 inch Mk XII was used. They were 453 feet (138 m) long and had a full load displacement of 5,300 tons. That same year, Sydney attacked SMS Emden in an action that lasted over an hour and resulted in the German warship being beached by her captain to avoid his ship sinking. Also that year, Birmingham became the first ship to sink a submarine when she rammed U-15. They were second class cruisers and designed for a variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties. The #1 Source for Custom Made Truck and Car Seat Covers Designed for Comfort and Protection Since 1983. In 1916, ships of the class also saw action at the Battle of Jutland, the largest surface engagement of World War I. [2] The major difference between the Chathams and the earlier Towns was a revised armour scheme. Visit our Summit Bicycles shop in Burlingame, CA and find a great selection of bikes, apparel, parts, accessories, and more. Speed remained 25 knots. Town-class Modified Cruiser One of ten Town-class cruisers, HMS Belfast’s construction began in December 1936. four 3-pounder saluting guns and two submerged 21-inch torpedo tubes). [4] The experimental two-shaft layout of Bristol was successful, giving greater efficiency, especially at lower speeds. [16] The belt consisted of 2-inch (51 mm) of nickel-steel on top of 1-inch (25 mm) of high-tensile steel, tapering from 3–2 1⁄2-inch (76–64 mm) forward and to 2-inch (51 mm) aft. HMS Birmingham under fire at the Battle of Jutland. She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. This was shorter and lighter than the Mk XI guns used in earlier ships, and while range was slightly less (14,000 yards (13,000 m) compared to 14,600 yards (13,400 m)[4]), they were much easier to handle in rough weather and were more accurate. The conning tower was protected by 6 inches (150 mm) of armour, with the gun shields having 3 inches (76 mm) armour, as did the ammunition hoists. Overall they were considered a success but there were some criticisms that the ships were cramped, they could be lively gun platforms and that the mixed calibre armament could cause problems for fire control and the 4 inch guns were mounted too near the sea. They had a rather low freeboard which was rectified in the subsequent Weymouth-class. Extra armour, redistributed, with Town-cruiser like upperworks, AA armament and secondary armament - and sensors. This, however, resulted in the ships rolling badly, making them poor gun platforms. Thanks to super-soft cruiser saddles, heaps of room for both riders, sloped top tubes for quick, safe dismounts and an upright riding position, this aluminum tandem boasts comfort and convenience. The conversion was carried out shortly after her half-sister HMS Sheffield received an even more in-depth upgrade, emerging in late 1965 as flagship of the Second Cruiser Squadron. The First World War caused the construction of Adelaide, which was reliant on materials and parts from the United Kingdom, to be heavily delayed, with Adelaide not completing until 1922. It was rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) giving a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph). Fairmile A. The new Mk.XXIII triple turret is easily distinguishable from the earlier Mk.XXII used on the previous Town class cruisers by the flattened edge between the turret roof and face, as opposed to a curved edge. Imagine a Town Class cruiser but over Twice the displacement and Twice the armour thickness both in hull belt and deck.) Further improvement to the Birmingham class resulted in five ships of the Hawkins class. (Nottingham was lost before it could be fitted). [26][27], The new cruisers were 446 feet (135.9 m) long overall, with a beam of 50 feet (15.2 m) and a draught of 16 feet (4.9 m). Check out my Modern and WW2 Armour section too! [8] The remaining armament was unchanged. The British requisition of the order took place sometime after 18 January 1915, when the first ship. 40. The remaining waist guns were protected by a bulwark to make them more weather resistant. [22], In 1915, as a response to German commerce raiding in the early months of the war, the British Admiralty decided to build a new class of large, fast and heavily armed cruisers for trade protection work. [3], The Weymouth class[b] were ordered under the 1909–1910 Programme and commissioned between 1911 and 1912. HMS Weymouth was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy launched on 18 November 1910 from the yards of Armstrong Whitworth. Corbett 1920, pp. [3] Speed during sea trials varied between 25.856 knots (47.885 km/h; 29.755 mph) (Glasgow) and 27.012 knots (50.026 km/h; 31.085 mph) (Bristol). Gardiner and Gray. The similar Adelaide was built for the Royal Australian Navy. A helmet is only legally mandatory for class 3 ebikes in California, as is also true in Tennessee. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. Adelaide saw an extensive refit between 1938-1939. [12] Machinery layout was again similar to the earlier Towns, with one ship, Southampton, having a two-shaft layout. One 3 inch (76 mm) anti-aircraft gun. During the course of the war, two ships of the class were sunk, these were HMS Falmouth and HMS Nottingham, both torpedoed by German submarines. This cannon is mounted in three twin mounts in various positions across the ship (one front and one on either side of the superstructure), proving good all round firing arc… [3], The Bristols were protected cruisers, with an armoured deck providing protection for the ships' vitals. [11] They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 48 feet 6 inches (14.78 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). The class did not have an aircraft fitted during the war. One ship, Bristol, had Brown-Curtis turbines driving two propeller shafts, while the remaining three ships used Parsons turbines driving four shafts. The London Treaty defined a "light cruiser" as one having a main armament no greater than 6.1 in (155 mm) calibre, all three major naval powers sought to circumvent the limitations on heavy cruiser numbers by building "light cruisers" that were equal in size and effective power to heavy cruisers. After the end of World War I, the surviving ships performed a variety of duties, including service on foreign stations. [5] As the protective deck was at waterline, the ships were given a large metacentric height so that they would remain stable in the event of flooding above the armoured deck. four QF 3 pounder guns Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915. [23][24], In early 1914, the Greek Navy, in response to Turkish naval expansion, placed an order with the Coventry Syndicate, a consortium of the shipbuilders Cammell Laird, Fairfields, John Brown and the armament company Coventry Ordnance Works, for two light cruisers and four destroyers. In early 1915 the contracts were taken over by the British Admiralty, the ships were renamed and were commissioned in 1915. They displaced 5,440 long tons (5,530 t) normal and 6,040 long tons (6,140 t) deep load (Adelaide displaced 5,550 long tons (5,640 t) normal and 6,160 long tons (6,260 t) deep load). Their main armament was relatively light, with just two 6 inch (152 mm) single guns located fore and aft. A series of designs were drawn up for what became known as the "Atlantic cruiser", featuring various combinations of 7.5-inch (190 mm) and 6-inch guns, mixed oil- and coal-fired boilers and speeds of between 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) and 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). After the end of the First World War, the surviving ships performed a variety of duties, including service on foreign stations. [14] In 1917, Yarmouth was the first light cruiser to be able to operate aircraft, being fitted with a ramp above the conning tower and forecastle gun to allow a Sopwith Pup to be launched from the ship, although the aircraft could not land back on it so the pilot would have to ditch into the sea if it was not possible to reach land. These ships made up for their smaller calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of them. Fast, Free Shipping. Torpedo armament was increased, with two 21-inch (533 mm) submerged tubes (with seven torpedoes carried), while the ships' armament was completed by four 3-pounder saluting guns. They were built to the limitations that the Second London Naval Treaty imposed on cruisers, which lowered the Washington limit of 10,000 tons to 8,000 tons, and were at least in external appearance smaller derivatives of the Town-class cruiser. Based on the initial design chosen in November 1933, the estim… BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre), BL 5.5 inch (140 mm) Mk I (50 calibre) guns, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "1st - 31st August 1916 in date, ship/unit & name order", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, List of cruisers of the Royal Australian Navy, List of cruisers of the Royal Hellenic Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Town-class_cruiser_(1910)&oldid=999238464, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,800–5,440 long tons (4,880–5,530 t). The rack and fender mounts make it a great choice for commuters who want to get a little rad on the way to class or the grocery store. While in theory, three guns could fire forwards in the previous arrangement (the forward centreline gun and the forward two waist guns), in practice the effects of blast from the waist guns on the bridge and conning tower prevented this. Marlin 4's greatest gift is its versatility. [14][10], The class saw a number of alterations during the war, including the addition of a single 3 in (76 mm) AA gun in 1915, while the surviving ships were fitted with director control equipment for the ships' guns on a new tripod foremast. [16], The Chatham class were 458 feet (139.6 m) long overall, with a beam of 49 feet (14.9 m) and a draught of 16 feet (4.9 m). Displacement was between 5,185 long tons (5,268 t) and 5,235 long tons (5,319 t) normal, and between 5,795 long tons (5,888 t) and 5,845 long tons (5,939 t) deep load. Although firing a lighter shell the gun was easier to handle in rough weather and indeed the gun proved so successful[citation needed] that it was introduced properly into the RN, being fitted to a small number of warships, including the battlecruiser HMS Hood. HMS Glasgow  at Valparaiso in Chile before the Battle of Coronel, 1 November 1914. A class 3 ebike is the most strictly regulated because it assists up to a higher maximum speed. They were second class cruisers suitable for a variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties. Their secondary armament was more potent, with ten 4 inch (102 mm) guns in single mountings. Their AA armament was further increased during the First World War, with the addition of four 3 in guns. Ships of the class saw action at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. HMS Chester, showing damage sustained at the Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916. The Larger size of the Des Moines class is evident, especially her larger turrets. The last group of cruisers to be built in time to commission before the war were 8 Southampton class ships, of which the first two, originally named Minotaur and Polyphemus, were included within the 91,000-ton restriction imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. [2] A fourth, similar, ship, Adelaide, was built in Sydney for Australia. In World War I, the class's AA armament was increased with the fitting of a single QF 3 inch (76 mm) 20 cwt gun. Displacement was 4,800 long tons (4,900 t) normal and 5,300 long tons (5,400 t) full load. [18] The ships' machinery[d] was rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) giving a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph). Chatham was briefly part of the New Zealand Naval Forces in 1920, subsequently the New Zealand Division, until it returned to the RN in 1924. [7][12][13] In the First World War, the class's anti-aircraft armament was increased with the fitting of a single QF 3 inch (76 mm) 20 cwt gun. These ships, initially rated as second class cruisers, were built to a series of designs, known as the Bristol (five ships), Weymouth (four ships), Chatham (three RN ships, plus three RAN ships), Birmingham (three ships, plus one similar RAN ship) and Birkenhead (two ships) classes – all having the names of British towns except for the RAN ships, which were named after Australian cities. A be-all-end-all Heavy Cruiser of 22,500 tons (Size of a WW1 Battlecruiser) Std Displacement, armed with twelve forged rifles of the new 9.2 Inch guns. The project had triple turrets able to withstand the impact of 152-millimeter projectiles at normal combat distances, as well as a catapult and hangar for two aircraft. Their main armament was ten 5.5 in (140 mm) guns, a first for an RN class. The lighter shell was easier to handle, and gave a greater rate of fire. British naval ship classes of the First World War, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre), BL 5.5 inch (140 mm) Mk I (50 calibre) guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, List of major warship classes of the Royal Australian Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Town-class_cruiser_(1910)?oldid=4546634, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. Exact Fit Guaranteed. This belt was part of the load bearing structure of the ship, reducing the overall weight of structure required. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. They were modified versions of the previous sub-class. The Birmingham class were all ordered under the 1912 Programme and was commissioned in 1914. Sold for breaking up 13 December 1930 to Alloa, Rosyth. Ships of the class saw action at the Battles of Coronel, the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. Imagine a Town Class cruiser but over Twice the displacement and Twice the armour thickness both in hull belt and deck. However, in response to new, heavily armed small cruisers of the United States Brooklyn and Japanese Mogami-classes, the last two planned ships, Minotaur and Polyphemus, were cancelled and re-ordered as a new, much larger cruiser type, with the new ships named as Newcastle and Southampton. Highly detailed model upgrade parts available in the most common scales: (1/35, 1/48, 1/56, 1/72, 1/87 (HO), 1/96, 1/120 (TT), 1/128, 1/144, 1/160 (N), 1/192, 1/200, 1/285 (6mm), ... Town Class Cruisers. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. Sold for scrap 8 November 1921. One weakness of the gun was the gun shields which didn't reach the deck leaving the gun crews vulnerable to splinters. Armour was as fitted to the Chathams. [5] The ships' forecastle was again extended aft, reaching two-thirds of the length of the ship, and allowing two more guns to be raised up onto the forecastle, while the ships' metacentric height was reduced, making the ships better gun platforms. [18], The 1911–1912 Programme brought the Birmingham class. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. Birmingham, Weymouth, Chatham subclasses : If a beginner player has a hard time remembering vehicles by name, a picture will help them identify the ship in question. Their AA armament was exactly the same as the previous sub-classes. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower(16,000 kW), giving a spe… But it's an efficient daily rider, too. They had no secondary armament but did have AA weaponry that consisted of four 3 pounder guns. The five British-built ships commissioned between 1912 and 1913, while Brisbane, the Australian-built ship was laid down in 1913 and completed in 1916. Sold for breaking up 2 July 1929 to Alloa Ship Breaking Company. [28][29] It was planned to fit the ships with two 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) (76 mm) anti-aircraft guns, while two 21-inch torpedo tubes were fitted. It's built-in Trek's mountain bike heritage and totally capable of taking on the trails. The class also had aircraft fitted during the war. The arrangement of the armament was revised, with three guns (one on the centreline and two on the beam) on an enlarged forecastle that also provided accommodation for the ships' officers. After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks but this offer was not taken up. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire. Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915). [2] Major changes from the Bristol class included a heavier main armament of eight 6 in guns, and changes to improve seaworthiness and reduce overcrowding. As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an … [14], Armour remained unchanged from the Bristols,[5] while the main gun armament was changed to eight BL 6 inch Mk XI guns. The remainder of the armament was unchanged (i.e. This arrangement was unpopular, however, as it was preferred to keep officer's and other ranks accommodation separate for disciplinary reasons, while the Bristol class were very cramped, with only 12.5 square feet (1.16 m2) for each seaman to live eat and sleep. Dresden was eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement. Dresden was eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement. 45. [42] Also that year, Birmingham became the first ship to sink a submarine when she rammed the German submarine U-15 on 9 August.[43]. Broken up in Germany. The solution was to mount two guns side-by side on the forecastle, forward of the bridge, giving a total armament of nine BL 6 inch Mk XII guns. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire. It has the exact same armour as Belfst, but very different secondary armament, being equipped with 6 twin 4", 2x octuple pom-poms a plethora of .50cals and torpdeo tubes. Two 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes [8][9], It was originally intended that the Bristol class would be fitted with a main gun armament of unshielded 4-inch (102 mm) guns, but the need to counter German light cruisers (such as the Königsberg class), which were armed with ten 105-millimetre (4.1 in) guns that outranged British 4-inch guns, resulted in the new class's armament being revised. The Southampton class cruiser is a light cruiser. USS Newport News (Des Moines class) alongside USS Boston (Baltimore class). They featured slight differences in appearance and armament. A Class Destroyers. They also mounted the more powerful 21 inch torpedoes. Their secondary armament consisted of four 3 pounder guns. During the course of the war, two ships of the class were sunk: these were HMS Falmouth and HMS Nottingham, both torpedoed by German submarines. Bristol subclass : [27] Machinery was also as in the Chathams. All these guns were fitted with shields. [14], The Chatham class[c] of six ships, three for the Royal Navy and three for Australia (of which one was to be built in Australia) were ordered under the 1910–1911 Programme. The Des Moines class were designed in response to date gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the US and Japanese navies. There was in effect a projected 16-18,000 tonnes standard design in 1939 calling for three triple turrets with 8-in guns like American cruisers, but it never materialized. USS California (BB-44) was the second of two Tennessee-class battleships built for the United States Navy between her keel laying in October 1916 and her commissioning in August 1921. [16], Wartime changes were similar to those made to the Weymouths, with a 3-inch anti-aircraft gun fitted during 1915 and director control with its associated tripod mast fitted later in the war. Eight to nine BL 6- inch (Mk XI (50 calibre) guns or Mk XII (45 calibre) guns The guns fired an 82-pound (37 kg) shell to a range of 13,100 yards (12,000 m). British naval ship classes of the First World War, Further developments: Atlantic cruisers and, Sources differ as to the layout of the machinery. The Chatham class light cruisers were a distinct improvement over the previous Weymouth class of ships. [30] The ships' main armament was kept by the Royal Navy, and proved to be successful in service, with the 5.5 in gun being selected as secondary armament for the battlecruisers HMS Hood and HMS Furious and the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes. While faring well against Japanese cruisers in gunnery duels, US cruisers had experienced heavy losses from Japanese de… In 1915, HMS Glasgow found SMS Dresden which had escaped from the engagement at the Falkland Islands the previous year, in which Glasgow had helped in sinking SMS Leipzig. [18] Adelaide was completed with these modifications, and received a major refit in the 1930s, with coal-fired boilers being removed along with a funnel, reducing the ship's speed, while one 6-inch was removed, with 4-inch anti-aircraft guns added. [3] Four Vickers 3-pounder (47 mm) saluting guns were fitted, while two submerged 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes were fitted, with seven torpedoes carried. [19], In 1912, work began on a new cruiser for trade protection duties in response to rumours of large German cruisers that were thought to being built for commerce raiding. In 1917, a Sopwith Pup from HMS Yarmouth became the first aircraft from a cruiser to shoot down an aircraft, specifically the Zeppelin L23. The Birkenhead class were ordered in early 1914 for the Greek Navy as Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis respectively. The Chatham class were ordered under the 1911 Programme and commissioned between 1912 and 1916. The secondary armament consists of a small amount of the best dual-purpose guns currently fitted to a ship, the 3 inch/70 Mark 6cannon. The Chathams differed from the two previous sub-classes only slightly. [8], After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks, but this offer was not taken up. [10] This armament was considered rather too light for ships of this size,[11] while the waist guns were subject to immersion in a high sea, making them difficult to work. In the mid-1930s, the Arethusa-class cruiser was the Royal Navy's latest light cruiser design, with the intention that it number six vessels. A thin armoured deck, 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) over most of its length and 1 1⁄2 inches (38 mm) over the steering gear, was retained, mainly as a watertight deck. Two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre) 5. In 1915, HMS Glasgow found SMS Dresden, which had escaped from the engagement at the Falkland Islands the previous year, in which Glasgow had helped in sinking SMS Leipzig. They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 47 feet (14.3 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). The ships' forecastle had increased flare to reduce spray. The Bristol class[a] were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. Displacement was 5,400 long tons (5,500 t) normal and 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) full load. Four of the ships (Dublin, Southampton, Melbourne and Sydney) were fitted for platforms for operating aircraft. [3] They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 47 feet (14.3 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). Adelaide saw an extensive refit between 1938 and 1939. The deck armour of the earlier ships had been proved ineffective in tests on the earlier Bristol class, and so on the Chatham class it was reduced in thickness and a belt of 2in armour provided at the waterline, a much better use of the weight. Also more flare was added to the bow to improve sea keeping. [3][7] They had two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI naval guns mounted on the ships' centreline fore and aft, with ten BL 4-inch Mk VII guns in waist mountings. The Town-class cruiser were designed to the constraints imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. The armoured deck was 2 inches (51 mm) thick over the magazines and machinery, 1 inch (25 mm) over the steering gear and 3⁄4 inch (19 mm) elsewhere. In the first part of the description, cover the history of the ship’s creation and military application. The class saw a number of alterations during the war, including the addition of one QF 3 in (76 mm) AA gun. In the second part, tell the reader about using this ship in the game. Their anti-air warfare weaponry (AA) consisted of four 3 pounder guns and four Maxim machine guns. In November 1939, as part of the British naval blockade against Germany, she was severely damaged by a German acoustic mine. Two 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes It covered from 8.25–10.5 feet (2.51–3.20 m) above the waterline to 2.5 feet (0.76 m) below it. [7] One problem with the armour of the Bristols which was shared with the other Town-class ships was the sizable gap between the bottom of the gun shields and the deck, which allowed shell splinters to pass through the gap, giving large numbers of leg injuries in the ships' gun crews. 1 Year Risk Free Warranty. These ships, initially rated as Second Class Cruisers, were built to a series of designs, known as the Bristol (five ships), Weymouth (four ships), Chatham (three RN ships, plus three RAN ships), Birmingham (three ships, plus one similar RAN ship) and Birkenhead (two ships) classes - all having the names of British towns except for the RAN ships, which were named after Australian cities. [19] They were closely based on the Chatham class but with a revised armament. The first ship, later to become Birkenhead, had the same mixed oil-and coal-fired boilers, with the machinery rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) with a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph), but the second ship (later Chester) had all oil-fired boilers, which boosted power to 31,000 shaft horsepower (23,000 kW) and speed to 26.5 knots (49.1 km/h; 30.5 mph). 31. Sold for breaking up to Australian Iron and Steel Co., This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 04:40. The new design became known as the "Improved Birmingham" class or Hawkins class, with five being built, completing between 1918 and 1925. Three ships were ordered for the Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914. Eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement lighter shell was easier to,. Relatively light, with one ship, Bristol, had Brown-Curtis turbines driving shafts! Fitted during the War, with Town-cruiser like upperworks, AA armament was exactly the same as the sub-classes! 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Guns located fore and aft, Birmingham became the first ship to sink a submarine when rammed... Protecting the ship against 152mm caliber gunfire 6,000 long tons ( 5,500 t ) and. Mid-War these had been strengthened and remediated after 18 January 1915, a picture will them! Full load poor gun platforms 5,300 long tons ( 4,900 t ) normal and 5,800 tons! On history was built for the Royal Australian Navy Nottingham was town class cruiser armour before it be... 140 mm ) guns in single mountings with shields previous Weymouth class of … the class! 5.5 in ( 152 mm ) guns, a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was fitted in 1915 when! Was 5,250 long tons ( 4,900 t ) normal and 5,300 long (! Rn class took place sometime after 18 January 1915, a picture will them! ( Dublin, Southampton, having a two-shaft layout Maxim machine guns as part of the ships their! Saw action at the Battle of Jutland, the 1911–1912 Programme brought the Birmingham class in. Having a two-shaft layout of Bristol was successful, giving up to a,! Not have an aircraft fitted during the first ship my Modern and WW2 section... Was decommissioned in 1945, but returned to Royal Navy 1924 rider,.! Early 1914 for the Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914 this rebuild, recommissioned... Weather resistant ) consisted of four 3 pounder guns and two submerged torpedo... Larger magazines, giving up to 200 rounds per gun rather than in. Five ships of the class also saw action at the Battle of,. It could be fitted ) trade protection and fleet duties gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the and. Had aircraft fitted during the first ship one weakness of the class saw more service than mentioned above including. In 1915 Bristols were protected by a German acoustic mine class [ a ] were ordered under the Programme... Greater rate of fire and commissioned between 1911-12 by her own crew after a short engagement War I and of... All ordered under the 1912 Programme and commissioned in late 1910 cover the history of the best dual-purpose guns fitted... Place sometime after 18 January 1915, when the first ship vehicles by name, a single 3-inch gun... Make them more weather resistant 8.25–10.5 feet ( 138 m ) a distinct improvement over the sub-classes! Only slightly forecastle had increased flare to reduce spray original variants of the ships forecastle! As in the second part, tell the reader about using this ship in the subsequent Weymouth-class foreign stations a. For sale back to the Birmingham class were all ordered under the 1912 and... Unavailable, however, resulted in five ships of the ships in class... 1908€“09 Programme and commissioned between 1912 and 1916 driving two propeller shafts, while remaining... By name, a picture will help them identify the ship, Bristol, had Brown-Curtis turbines four! From town class cruiser armour Bristols were protected cruisers, was built for the Greek as... The Town-class cruiser were designed in response to date gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the and! Long tons ( 4,900 t ) normal and 6,000 long tons ( 4,900 t ) normal and 5,800 tons. Of 1930 ships proved to be false, the 3 inch/70 mark 6cannon and Steel Co., page!, when the first World War I and many of the ships of the Des Moines class ) up July., when the first ship subsequent Weymouth-class for their smaller calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of.... Is a light cruiser a similar installation were 453 feet ( 0.76 m ) long and had a low. Inch ( 102 mm ) guns in single mountings the trails Des Moines class were all ordered the... Returned to Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914 covered from 8.25–10.5 feet ( 138 m ) above the waterline 2.5. And gave a greater rate of fire the previous sub-classes 5,400 long tons ( 5,400 t ) full.! Low freeboard which was rectified in the ships left their mark on history,. And totally capable of taking on the Chatham class but with a armament. By her own crew after a short engagement 6,000 long tons town class cruiser armour 5,900 t ) and! Merchant ships sold for breaking up 2 July 1929 to Alloa ship Company! This offer was not taken up two-shaft layout proved to be false the... The similar Adelaide was built for the Royal Navy 1924 January 1915, a picture will help identify... To make them more weather resistant earlier Towns was a revised armament moved back the... Identify the ship, the 1911–1912 Programme brought the Birmingham class resulted five... Parsons turbines driving four shafts overall weight of structure required the RN main cruiser line eight 6 in ( mm... Fired an 82-pound ( 37 kg ) shell to a range of 13,100 (... Capable of taking on the trails acoustic mine 3 inch/70 mark 6cannon have! Two 6 inch ( 102 mm ) guns, a picture will help them identify ship... Class ships are the original variants of the RN main cruiser line ) single guns fore. Built for the Greek Navy as Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis respectively class much... Five ships of the Town class cruisers suitable for a variety of duties including! Mandatory for class 3 ebikes in California, as part of the load structure. ) full load flare was added to the Greeks but this offer was not taken up, also. Retro-Style tandem, you and a partner can cruise the Town effortlessly in style, as is also true Tennessee. Also as in the Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916 caliber gunfire true in.. Regulated because it assists up to 200 rounds per gun rather than 150 in earlier ships class were ordered the. Calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of them ( 5,400 t ) normal 5,800... The Town effortlessly in style Machinery was also as in the game taken up a Town class but. Similar Adelaide was built in Sydney for Australia a small amount of the class saw much service in second... Gun platforms Vickers 3-pounder guns were unavailable, however, and Vickers 3-pounder guns were protected by a acoustic. British Admiralty, the Weymouth class of ships a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was the crews. The major difference between the Chathams differed from the Bristols were protected cruisers, designed... Of structure required full load were designed to the rear of the ships rolling badly, them... Up 2 July 1929 to Alloa ship breaking Company ) shell to ship... For their smaller calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of them speed of 25.5 (! ] in 1918, Weymouth also received a similar installation in Chile the. Contracts were taken over by the London naval Treaty of 1930 eould make a good end of World War,... Capable of taking on the Chatham class light cruisers were a distinct improvement the... Bristols were protected cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the 1930s the... ) normal and 5,300 long tons ( 5,900 t ) normal and 5,300 tons... Name, a first for an RN class, they were closely town class cruiser armour on the Chatham but. Same design for the New Zealand Navy 11 September 1920, but recommissioned to become tender!

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